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Open Banking

Can I use Open Banking APIs?

Can I use Open Banking APIs?
Photo by: averie woodard 

Despite it’s name, Open Banking is not directly, instantly available to everyone. Adding protection to consumers was one of the driving factors for its inception. It does however provide a framework for innovation and for individuals and small businesses to take advantage of APIs.

To use Open Banking APIs you either need to be a regulated Third Party Provider or use the services of an already authorised Third Party Provider.

For more information see How does my company become a AISP or PISP?

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Uncategorized

Hawala

Hawala is a traditional system of transferring money used in Arab countries and South Asia, whereby the money is paid to an agent who then instructs an associate in the relevant country or area to pay the final recipient.

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Payments

Do standing orders go out on a Saturday?

UK Standing Order Payments don’t go out on Saturdays. Photo by: Sincerely Media

Standing Order Payments in the UK do not go out on a Saturday, Sunday or Bank Holiday.

For more details see Payments on the Weekend.

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Payments

UK Bank Holidays

Most of the UK has eight permanent bank holidays. Photo by Estée Janssens.

Most of the UK has eight permanent bank holidays per year: New Year’s Day, Good Friday, Easter Monday, May Day, Spring Bank Holiday, Late Summer, Christmas Day and Boxing Day.

However, Scotland also has 2 additional Bank Holidays : St. Andrew’s Day on and 2 January.

Northern Ireland has two extra public holidays : St. Patrick’s Day on and the Anniversary of the Battle of the Boyne.

To mark the Queen’s Platinum Jubilee there will also be an additional bank Holiday on June 3rd 2022.

England and Wales bank holidays

2021DayLikely dates , but could still change.
31 MayMondaySpring bank holiday
30 AugustMondaySummer bank holiday
27 DecemberMondayChristmas Day (substitute day)
28 DecemberTuesdayBoxing Day (substitute day)
2021DayLikely dates , but could still change.
3 JanuaryMondayNew Year’s Day (substitute day)
15 AprilFridayGood Friday
18 AprilMondayEaster Monday
2 MayMondayEarly May bank holiday
2 JuneThursdaySpring bank holiday
3 JuneFridayPlatinum Jubilee bank holiday
29 AugustMondaySummer bank holiday
26 DecemberMondayBoxing Day
27 DecemberTuesdayChristmas Day (substitute day)

Scotland bank holidays

2021DayLikely dates , but could still change.
3 MayMondayEarly May bank holiday
31 MayMondaySpring bank holiday
2 AugustMondaySummer bank holiday
30 NovemberTuesdaySt Andrew’s Day
27 DecemberMondayChristmas Day (substitute day)
28 DecemberTuesdayBoxing Day (substitute day)
2022DayLikely dates , but could still change.
3 JanuaryMondayNew Year’s Day (substitute day)
4 JanuaryTuesday2 January (substitute day)
15 AprilFridayGood Friday
2 MayMondayEarly May bank holiday
2 JuneThursdaySpring bank holiday
3 JuneFridayPlatinum Jubilee bank holiday
1 AugustMondaySummer bank holiday
30 NovemberWednesdaySt Andrew’s Day
26 DecemberMondayBoxing Day
27 DecemberTuesdayChristmas Day (substitute day)

More : For more information see UK Govt Bank Holidays

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Payments

Can payments go on a weekend or bank holiday?

Payments on weekends and bank holidays depend on which Payment Scheme your bank or senders bank uses. Photo by Estée Janssens.

Most of the UK has eight permanent bank holidays per year: New Year’s Day, Good Friday, Easter Monday, May Day, Spring Bank Holiday, Late Summer, Christmas Day and Boxing Day.

Faster Payments

Payments using Faster Payments can be made and typically clear in about 10 seconds. The can be made on all weekends and bank holidays. These are typically one-off payments made when you use online or mobile banking.

Standing Orders

Although Standing Orders are often sent via the Faster Payments scheme, they still operate only on weekdays. Standing Orders falling on a weekend or bank holiday will be sent on the next working day.

Direct Debits and Credits

Direct Debit and Credits are processed by most banks using BACS.

Since BACS only run on business working days, this can affect the payment dates. BACS usually takes 2 business days to complete, so if a payment is due to go out on a Saturday, it will instead be made on the Monday.

For credits to you account such as payroll, most providers will adjust the submission date so that you get your payment early.

Direct Debits and Credits on Bank Holidays

BACS is also unavailable on bank holidays so payment dates can also be delayed.

E.g. Monday 31 May 2021 is a bank holiday in the UK, which means that the process for debiting/crediting payments due on the following Tuesday and Wednesday in both cases will need to start a day earlier than normal. 

For example, if any Direct Debit or Direct Credit payments are to be debited / credited on Tuesday 1 or Wednesday 2 June 2021, then the latest submission dates are Thursday 27 and Friday 28 May 2021, respectively. 

Next : See full BACS Calendar or more about UK Payment Schemes.

Categories
Payments

Why can’t I reserve money on a bank account?

I am often asked “can you put a hold or reserve money on a Bank Account”. The purpose being that the merchant then wishes to decide to bill the user at a later point and wants guaranteed payment. I.e. to know that these payment will clear if requested in the future.

This sounds an easy task and something that all Banks and debit cards should be able to offer. After all credit card companies offer this service.

The reason for this not being possible is not a technical one but a legal one and more importantly a fundamental definition of what a Bank Account actually is.

If you think about what a Bank Account is and is legally defined as, it’s actually a record of what a Bank owes you. It’s actually a contract to state that it will return this money to you.

A Bank Account is a record of what a Bank owes you.

So the problem with reserving funds comes when you try to state how much money do they actually owe you. For example if the Bank owes you £10,000 and but let’s say we want to reserve £2,000, how much does the bank actually owe you?

You might instinctively say well the bank owes you £8,000 as I have £10,000 but £2,000 of this is reserved. But hold on, either I have £10,000 or I have £8,000 which is it? Make up your mind. If I have only £8,000 then my balance is £8,000 and not £10,000 so it is effectively transferred already. Which it legally has been if this is reserved by someone else.

So in summary reserving ownership of funds is actually the same as transferring the ownership of funds since this is all money the Bank owe you. Legally a Bank Account is a record of an obligation of how much money they pay you.

This is the reason you cannot reserve funds for later payment or billing.

The solution for merchants who wish to make sure they will get payment to this is use an Escrow service.

Photo by: Will Porada

Categories
Payments

The 6 UK Payment Schemes

Want to know the difference between CHAPs and Bacs?
How much can I transfer using Faster Payments?
How long does a cheque take to clear?
What is the Link Scheme?

For these and more questions answered see details of the 6 UK Payment schemes

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How Paydog Works

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Open Banking

5 Benefits to your Small Business from using Open Banking

Open Banking for Small Businesses
Photo by: Гоар Авдалян

Small Businesses and Open Banking

3 Million customers in the UK have used Open Banking. Despite this many small business owners have not heard of Open Banking.

Why is this? Well it’s mostly because banks don’t want you to know about the benefits!

What is Open Banking?

Open Banking is a secure way to give Third Party Providers (TPPs) access to your financial information.

Open Banking was created to protect customers and spur innovation in Banking and Financial services. Open Banking provides a number of benefits to small businesses.

Benefit 1: Accounting Imports

If you use Xero or other similar accounting packages you may already be using Open Banking in your small business.

Open Banking is what powers and secures these financial management tools access to your banking transactions.

There are also a number of innovative Financial Management tools being developed on top of Open Banking. These are known as Account Information Service Providers (AISPs).

Benefit 2: Payment Matching

Authorised Payments Institutions can initiate payments from your customers (with their approval) to your account. The payments are made directly by bank transfer from your customers account straight to your account.

These payments can be initiated with a reference chosen by you, on the date you chose, with the amount you choose.

This vastly improves your matching and reconciliation process, reducing time and effort on your bookkeeping.

In the UK These bank payments usually clear in around 10 seconds so can be suitable for POS style checkouts.

Benefit 3: No Chargebacks

If you are a business taking credit and debit cards there are some huge improvements available for your business in moving away from card payments to direct bank payments.

Chargebacks are payment reversals triggered by Customers who wish to reverse a Card based payment. Sometimes known as Section 75 these leave the Merchant spending hours arguing and proving they deserve the customers original payment.

With Bank Payments there are no chargebacks.

Benefit 4: Reduced Costs

As well as savings on costs incurred from fraud and chargebacks, small businesses can save by reducing their merchant services fees, as there is no need for Card Readers and POS Terminals.

Savings can also be made on individual payment fees too. With Open Banking there are often reduced merchant fees due to the reduced Fraud and absence of acquirer, MasterCard and Visa fees.

Open Banking can support very large payments too often at reduced fees when compared to Card based payments.

Benefit 5: Improved customer experience

Since its launch in 2018 the vast majority of Banks now offer a very slick Mobile Banking approval process.

While online banking payments often need a card reader and your personal login details, Mobile banking initiated payments use biometrics including face ID an thumb prints to secure and simply approve access and payments.

Unlike Paypal, which has recently had to introduce SMS text messages to approve card payments, Open Banking payments can be approved using your Mobile Banking app. This is because your Mobile Banking app has built in 2 factor Authentication using device identifiers and Face Id, thumbprint or pin.

Summary

In summary Open Banking makes for a slick, efficient payment experience that can save you time and money accounting for your payments, leaving you more time to spend with your customers.

Robin Morris @ Paydog.co.uk

Paydog Ltd is fully Authorised Payments Institution FCA no 934908

Paydog.co.uk offers immediate and recurring payment links and QR codes to SMEs powered by Open Banking.

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How Paydog Works

Why Paydog

Making finance fairer for everyone

Paydog inspiration

In 1997, as a recently graduated student, I visited India with a friend. We were trying to catch a train to our next destination. Travelling by train in India at the time we met some amazing people, mostly families going to meet other extended family for various celebrations. The ticket office at the station was open, there were no queues, we had the money, there were seats available on the train – the train was actually in the station ….

India train

….but we weren’t allowed to buy a ticket. Tickets (for this specific interstate journey) were only allowed to be sold for the following days travel. You could not Buy a ticket to travel today! Those were the rules put in place, based on some policies (presumably to make sure noone overbooked)

Other than the obvious frustration of not being able to travel that day, what was worse was no-one in India at the time seemed to think this was a problem, or that things could or should be improved

Thankfully, India has been transformed and innovation is rife with individuals who know things can and should be better

23 Years Later…

With ‘Open’ Banking and Payment Services Directive 2 initiatives and implementations across Europe the same frustrations .

According to the European Payments Council “The Objective of PSD2 are to make payments safer, to increase the consumer protection, foster innovation and competition while ensuring a level playing field for all players, including new ones”

Subsequent lobbying by industry incumbants has meant:

  1. Existing Banks get automatic accrediation – hardly a level playing field!
  2. Credit and Debt Cards remain as insecure as ever – most of us have given our our CVV to many providers online or over the phone or at restraurants etc.
  3. Cards and telecoms are excluded from many of the provisions of PSD2 – protecting the incumbant Network providers
  4. Implementation delays and Banks dragging their feet in meeting regulatory deadlines
  5. Even UK Open Banking – one of the most open and innovative in europe still advises new entrants can take 3-12 months to get regulated

Having worked in finance and technology for many years we believe it is possible to properly meet the PSD2 Aims and Objectives for consumers

Our Mission

Offer individuals and small companies access to the same opportunities as large finance organisations

How

We aim to be the Amazon Web Services of the finance world

  • Federated not controlled
  • Extremely low cost of entry
  • Optimise for Volume not Scale – Pay for what you use
  • Low Friction, Automated Self service and intuitive to use
  • Technology for communication not control
  • Build a community
  • Make it compelling
  • Minimum Viable Product
  • Listen to customers
  • Agile : Fast and Good not slow and perfect – responding to change over following a plan

What

Paydog has started by registering as a TPP – Third Party Provider – AISP and PISP to allow access to accounts.